Traditionally cleaning the teeth is done by using a tooth powder that is astringent/bitter/pungent in taste (Dasana tooth powder) to clear the accumulated bacteria from the mouth.
Scrape the tongue every morning. To scrape the tongue use an Ayurvedic tongue scraper. Gently scrape from the back of the tongue forward until you have scraped the whole surface. Repeat 7 to 14 times. The scraper may be rinsed off between strokes.
Jihwa prakshalana (tongue scraping) has been an important part of dinacarya (Ayurvedic daily routine) for maintaining oral health for thousands of year. Scraping the tongue daily removes any build-up or coating on the tongue, toxins (ama) deposited via the internal channels. Scraping avoids these toxins being reabsorbed by the body and improves the ability to taste the food. In addition it increases clarity of the mind by reducing ama from the head.
Oil pulling is an ancient Ayurvedic treatment for oral health and detoxification. It involves the use of pure oils for pulling harmful bacteria, fungus and other organisms out of the mouth.
Gandusha and kavala graha are two primary gargling techniques in Ayurvedic treatments for oral care. In gandusha, the mouth is completely filled with liquid and then released after holding for some time. In kavala graha a comfortable amount of liquid is retained in the mouth.
To perform gandusha oil is to be filled in the mouth to the level that it cannot be moved in the mouth.
Black sesame oil, coconut oil and ghee are traditionally used for Ayurvedic treatment of oil pulling.
To perform kavala graha place 1 or 2 tablespoons of oil in the mouth and move oil slowly in the mouth, rinse, swish and pull through the teeth for 15 to 20 minutes. This process will make the oil thoroughly mix with your saliva. Do not swallow the oil. As the process continues, the oil gets thinner and white. After pulling for a sufficient time, spit the oil out and rinse your mouth with warm water.